Ano yung Aupair?
Tanong na palagi kong naririnig sa aking mga kababayan kahit na nasa Pilipinas man o nasa abroad na sila. Kahit sa Facebook, marami-rami rin akong kaibigan na yan din ang tanong nila.
Marahil ay hindi talaga nila alam kung ano yung Aupair. May iba namang nagsabi na baka auto repair o mekaniko kami kasi nga my pair sa huli.
Mga simpleng tao lang kami na nagmula sa iba’t ibang sulok ng Pilipinas na nangangarap magtrabaho sa abroad para matulungan ang aming pamilya, at nangangarap ng magandang buhay.
Hindi naman sa pagmamayabang pero masuwerte na siguro ang mga Aupair kumpara sa DH o Domestic Helper. Ang trabaho namin ay wala rin namang pinagkaiba sa trabaho ng DH, pero kung mag-aabroad ka man lang bilang DH o Domestic Helper, mas maipapayo ko sa inyo na piliin n’yo na lang ang pagiging Aupair.
Marami na akong narinig na hindi maganda, meron pang kahindak-hindik na pangyayari ang naranasan ng mga kababayan kong DH sa kanilang employer. Isa pa sa dahilan ay maliit lamang ang sahod nila, kumpara naman sa trabaho kung ika’y dh lalo na nasa Middle East, all-around talaga ang trabaho nila makapapahinga lamang kung ang amo ay tulog na o trabaho ay tapos na.
Ito ang ilang bansa na alam ko ang tumatanggap ng aupair: Australia, Austria, Belgium, China, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom at United States. Ang mga bansang nabanggit ko ay may iba’t-ibang regulation o patakaran at requirements bago ka mag-apply sa lugar na aking nabanggit.
Narito ang ilang detalye na magpapaliwanag kung ano talaga ang Aupair:
The title comes from the
Frenchterm au pair, meaning “on a par” or “equal to”, indicating that the relationship is intended to be one of equals: the au pair is intended to become a member of the family, albeit a temporary one, rather than a traditional domestic helper.
An au pair (plural: au pairs) is a domestic assistant working for, and living as part of, a host family. Typically, au pairs take on a share of the family’s responsibility for childcare as well as some housework, and receive a small monetary allowance for personal use.
An Au Pair is a woman or man from a foreign country who, in exchange for room, board, and pocket money, helps the host family with childcare and light housework.
The benefit for the Au Pair is to improve language or professional skills as well as experience a new country and culture. The purpose for the family is to expose children and parents to a new culture and country. Therefore, participating in an Au Pair programme can be very exciting and interesting experience for both the Au Pair and the host family.
Au pair schemes are subject to government restrictions which specify an age range usually from late teens to mid to late twenties. In Europe, where the concept originated, au pairs are only supposed to work part-time, and they often also study part-time, generally focusing on the language of the host country, but in the United States, they are permitted to provide full-time childcare.
Concept and conditions:
The concept of the au pair originated in Europe after World War II. Before the war, an abundant supply of domestic servants had been available to look after the children of middle and upper-class families, but changes in social attitudes, and increases in wages and taxes after the war, made the old system inaccessible to most middle class parents. At the same time, social change increased the number of middle class girls who needed to earn their own living, and rising educational aspirations for girls made experiencing foreign cultures and learning foreign languages more common aspirations. However, due to the stigma attached to being a “servant”, an essentially working class status which even working-class people were repudiating, this potential supply for domestic labour could only be utilised if a new non-servant role was created. Thus the au pair, who was supposed to be treated as a member of the family rather than a servant, and should not be required to wear a uniform.
An au pair receives an allowance, and a private room. The usual practice is that au pairs eat with the family most of the time, and join in some of the usual family activities such as outings and trips. However, host families normally expect to have some private time to themselves, particularly in the evenings. During this time, an au pair might retire to his or her room to watch television, study, or go out with friends. Provision is often made for the au pair to have time for studying, especially of the language of the host country.
Some au pairs are now male, but females remain the overwhelming majority. Many governments impose limits as to how many hours an au pair is allowed to work. Tasks can include taking children to and from school, taking children to after-school activities, cooking, cleaning, ironing, and babysitting. Each placement varies depending on the host family.
In many developing countries, an abundant supply of local domestic labour is still available, so there is little or no demand for au pairs.
Au Pair requirements:
Generally, the Au Pair should be between 17-30 years old . The minimum and maximum age of the Au Pair varies between different countries.The Au Pair should also have at least basic knowledge of the native language of the country in which he or she will be living. The Au Pair also needs to be of good health and cannot have a criminal record.
The daily responsibilities of an Au Pair:
An Au Pair’s schedule will vary depending on the age of the children, the needs of the host family and their lifestyle. Therefore, it is important to talk about the exact duties and responsibilities from the very beginning. Typically, about 60% of the Au Pair’s daily tasks should be related to childcare and the remaining 40% to light housekeeping duties.
An Au Pair’s childcare responsibilities may include:
Waking the children and preparing breakfast bathing and dressing the children preparing light meals or helping to prepare meals for the children taking/collecting children to and from school helping with school homework playing with the children taking the children on outings to parks, playgroups and other activities babysitting on request to stay at home while children are absent from school due to illness or holidays
An Au Pair’s light housework duties may include:
doing the children’s laundry and ironing their clothes making the children’s beds and changing the bed linen cleaning the children’s bathroom washing the dishes, including loading and unloading the dishwasher keeping the kitchen tidy and clean, including sweeping and mopping the floors loading and unloading laundry in the washing machine hanging out washed clothes vacuuming dusting keeping the Au Pair’s bed room/bathroom clean and tidy light shopping (not to be confused with shopping for the entire household) walking and feeding pets emptying bins
An Au Pair is not responsible for housework that does not relate to the children’s or communal living areas that are kept tidy by all family members. An Au Pair cannot be expected to do the below duties unless they are thoroughly discussed and agreed on by both the host family and the Au Pair and an extra financial compensation is paid to the Au Pair for doing such tasks.
Au Pairs are not expected to cook the family meal, unless they enjoy cooking and have chosen to do this for the family. The Au Pair’s duties might include preparing light meals or helping to prepare simple meals for the children (breakfast, lunch, dinner).
The Au Pair’s duties might include keeping kitchen clean and tidy – sweeping and mopping the floors, emptying the bins, washing the dishes, loading/unloading the dishwasher. However, the Au Pair cannot be expected to do heavy cleaning – cleaning the oven, fridge, freezer, shelves, bins, door handles and taps.
IRONING AND LAUNDRY
Au Pairs are obliged to do the children’s laundry and iron their clothes, but their responsibilities cannot include doing the host parents’ laundry or ironing their clothes.
Au Pairs can assist with pet care, but it can’t be a formal responsibility and must be clearly stated and agreed on in advance. Pet care can involve duties such as taking the dog for a walk and feeding it. However, the Au Pair cannot be asked to do pet training or clear up after the pets.
Au Pairs are not responsible for housework that does not relate to the children’s or communal living areas that are kept tidy by all family members. Therefore, Au Pairs are not expected to complete tasks such as washing carpets, windows cleaning, spring cleaning, cleaning the host parents’ bathroom or making their beds and polishing silverware and brass ware. The duties might involve vacuuming and dusting common areas, keeping the play area tidy, making the children’s beds and changing the bed linen.
SHOPPING AND RUNNING THE ERRANDS
The main responsibilities might include light shopping, except shopping for the entire household.
Au Pairs cannot be expected to do the gardening and car washing.
The working hours must not exceed five hours a day, and the maximum number of working hours per week is 30. You cannot work more than these 30 hours, not even for extra pay. You are entitled to participate in tuition in the Norwegian language kung nasa Norway ka or Danish kung nasa Denmark ka naman and recreational activities. The host family shall pay per year for you to attend language courses.
Pero depende iyon sa lugar o employer mo, may ibang employer o host family na hindi sumusunod sa regulation bilang host family. Halimbawa na lang sa oras imbes na 5 hours everyday ang iyung trabaho ay magiging 6 o 8 hours iyon,may host family naman na galante kapag wala na sa oras ang iyung trabaho ay bibigyan ka ng extra money nila o ang iba naman ay malaki kung magbigay ng sahod.
Noong nasa Denmark ako, ang pinakamababa pa noon na sahod is nasa 2,500 Danish krone o kroner kung tawagin, kung ikukumpara sa sahod ng dh o employee sa Pinas malaki na ang sahod bilang isang aupair. Nitong July 2012 lamang ay naaprobahan na ang dagdag na sahod o monthly allowance ng mga aupair dito sa Norway. Masuwerte na talaga ang mga bagong apply ngayon mula sa 4,000 ay ginawang 5,000 Norwegian krone o kroner kung sa Philippine money ay nasa 35,000 pesos na (kung iconvert natin sa 7 depende rin kasi yun minsan mababa ang palitan, minsan naman malaki) ang sahod bilang aupair hindi pa kasama ang kanyang natatanggap sa kanyang pag extra 2x kung mayroong pinapagawa ang kanyang host family especialy during aupair’s day off tuwing Saturday and sunday.
Kung may Good news, siyempre may Bad news. Bilang isang aupair, allowed ka lang magtrabaho within two years dito sa Norway, pero noong nasa Denmark ako 2 years and half ay puwede at sinuwerte naman ang inyong lola kaya almost 3 years din ang pagtatrabaho ko doon (dahil ginawan ng paraan ng host family ko. Basta involved na sa mga bata puwede ka pang ma-extend ng ilang months)para lang hindi ako mapauwi, kapag kasi tapos na ang iyong two years contract at kahit gustong-gusto ka pa ng host family mo, wala rin silang magagawa para pigilan ka dahil yun na ang patakaran bilang aupair.
Kaya ang ginagawa ng ibang aupair ay habang hindi pa mag-eend ang kanilang kontrata ay maghahanap na sila ng boyfriend o mapapangasawa sa lugar na kanilang pinagtrabahuan para lamang magkapapel sila. Ang iba ay nabuo sa pag-iibigan; ang iba naman sila yung tipo ng tao na kapit na lang sa patalim o no choice na kaya kahit sobrang tanda na ng lalaki o parang lolo na nila ito ay patutulan na lang. Ang iba naman ay bahala na basta magkapapel lang pagkatapos magkapapel, ayun, goodbye fafa na – si aupair ay may visa na. Minsan naiinis ako, pero hindi ko rin sila masisisi dahil sa hirap ng buhay sa Pinas kaya rin nila nagawa iyon.
Pero sana man lang ay marunong pa rin tayong lumingon sa ating pinanggalingan, lalo na sa mga baguhang aupair o OFW, sa mga nag-aapply pa lamang. Kahit saang lugar man kayo mapunta sana panatilihin parin natin ang ating Pagka Pilipino, hindi porket nakaapak kana sa banyagang lupa ay para kana kung sino, lalo na sa mga Pinay o Pinoy na nakapag asawa o nagkaroon na ng papel o visa sana huwag po tayong mapag mataas lalo na sa ating kapwa. Porket ba ay sinuwerte kana at nagka visa kana kahit pulubi ay halos hindi muna mabigyan ng barya, whatelse pa kaya kung yung mga kababayan mo na nangangailangan ng tulong mo.
Sa mga gustong sumubok magtrabaho dito sa Norway, maliban sa Aupair ay may tsansang magtrabaho dito ang mga nurse at pati engineer dahil kulang na kulang sila dito ng engineer. Mayaman ang bansang Norway at malaki ang pasahod nila, kaso ang laki lang ng babayaran mo sa tax at mahigpit dito. Hindi ka basta-basta makapapasok. Kapag ika’y na hospital or sa pag-aaral sabihin mo nang kahit wala kang pera ay makakapasok ka sa skwela o hospital dahil sa tax na binabayaran mo ay doon na nila binabawas ang bayad mo. Kung meron ka man sigurong babayaran kaunti na lang, yun kayang-kaya na yun ng bulsa mo.
Sa pamamagitan nito, sana ay makatulong sa inyo ang inpormasyong ito kung kayo ay babalak mag-apply bilang Aupair.
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