Patuloy na Paghahanda Ngayong Tag-Ulan

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Madalas na naman ang pag-ulan.. YEHEY! Walang pasok. Maraming mag-aaral na naman ang nagsasaya dahil walang pasok. Ngunit karamihan ay labis na naapektuhan sa dulot ng tuluy-tuloy na pag-ulan.

Ang walang tigil na pag-ulan ay nagdulot ng malawakang pagbaha hindi lang sa Metro Manila kundi maging sa mga lalawigan. Ngunit ang ganitong tagpo ay hindi na bago para sa atin. Taun-taon,  ilang bagyo ang pumapasok sa Pilipinas na nagdudulot ng malakas na hangin at mga pag-ulan.

Dapat na tayong maging handa sa mga ganitong mga pagkakataon. Isang paraan ay ang pagkakaroon ng Survival Kit na maaaring magamit sa anumang sakuna-baha, lindol at iba pa.

Ano ang kailangang ilagay sa survival kit?

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Ito ang nakuha ko sa website ng Red Cross (http://www.redcross.org.ph/lifeline)

I. WATER
Normally, one can survive without food intake for 5 days as long as there is water intake. Prepare clean water in clean airtight containers for washing, drinking and cooking:
– 1 gallon (3.78 litres) per person per day [1 ltr for drinking and 3 ltrs for washing]
– Water purification supplies (One purification tablet can purify a liter of water. 1 tablet per person per day for water purification.)

II. FOOD
– Store only non-perishable food.
– You can put protein/granola bars, dried fruit, crackers, cereals, canned goods like tuna, beans, sausages, etc. (It is recommended to store easy-to-open cans.)
– In case of hypoglycemia, canned juice or hard sweet candies are recommended (not gum based or mint).
– Food should be sufficient for three days consumption of every family member.
– Disposable plates and utensils.

III. EMERGENCY TOOLS / GEAR
– Plastic laminated ID card for family member(s) with special concerns. Indicate name, address, phone, who to call in case of emergency, contact details, the condition of the bearer and special instructions on what to do in case seen unconscious (e.g. diabetic). For children who cannot speak, they must also wear the ID card (in case they are reported missing, anyone who will find them will be able to contact their parents).
– Emergency numbers to call (Red Cross Opcen, Red Cross Chapter, fire station, hospital, etc.)
– Red Cross 143 Emergency / Disaster Guide explaining what to do in various types of disasters. These should be thoroughly studied and understood before the actual disaster but must be kept for reference. (Teach all family members how to use it).
– Maps with indication of evacuation sites and routes
– Whistle (This is highly suggested, use a whistle that is loud and has a compass on it.)
– Flashlight with extra batteries (self-powered flashlight is suggested)
– Multi-purpose knife
– Matches or lighter and candles (Do not use matches or candles until you are certain there are no gas leaks. There are commercially available waterproof matches.)
– AM radio transistor with extra batteries or self-powered (You need to monitor the news continuously to know the weather condition and any possible threats.)
– Glow sticks
– Plastic sheeting or garbage bag (For floor mats, cover items so as not to get wet, or use as a rain coat.)
– Heating blankets (thin, easy to carry and warm)
– Ropes (avoid nylon)
– Sleeping bag

IV. PERSONAL EFFECTS AND HYGIENE KIT
– Extra Clothing (Short and long sleeved shirts, pants, jackets, socks, etc.)
– Undergarments
– Antibacterial soap
– Toothbrushes
– Toothpaste
– Hand towels (super absorbent)
– Comb/ hair brush
– Hand sanitizer or alcohol
– Sanitary napkin

V. IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS AND MONEY
– Keep these in a plastic envelope.
– Money should be in the form of cash and loose change (in case banks are closed or electronic banking is not available.)
– Prepaid cards
– List of important information (security insurance number, tax identification number, driver’s license, passport number, bank account details, insurance policy, etc.)
– Passport
– Important legal documents: Birth certificates, marriage contract, insurance certificates, land titles, etc.
– Other important documents: academic credentials, vaccination records, medical records, etc.

VI. SPECIAL NEEDS (Of elderly, children, infant or sick member of the family)
– Emergency medication (Acetaminophen, Ibuprofen, anti- diarrheal, for cough and colds, children’s medication, etc.)
– Prescription Medication (for 3 days, like anti hypertensive, insulin, etc.)
– Children’s food

VII. FIRST AID KIT (Standard)
The risk of accident or emergency cannot be taken for granted. It is important to be prepared. Always have a first aid kit on hand. First Aid is a life saving skill. Once you know how to apply first aid correctly, you can help save lives. Call the Philippine Red Cross National Headquarters or the local Chapters for the following First Aid Kit items:

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1 Adhesive Strips (Pk50)
1 Hypo – Allergenic medical tape 1.25cm x 9.1m
1 Conforming Bandage 5cm
1 Triangular Bandage 110cm x 110cm
1 Wound Dressing No. 15
2 Swabs Antiseptic
1 Tweezers metal 8cm
1 Scissors disposable
1 Safety pins – assorted (pk12)
1 Plastic Bags – resealable – 100 X 180 mm
1 Plastic Bags – resealable – 150 x 230 mm
2 Gloves – disposable
1 First Aid Quick Reference Guide

Tandaan lang: Hindi kailangang mahal ang nasa Survival Kit.

Hindi napapalitan ang buhay. Sa mga kababayan nating nakatira malapit sa ilog, huwag nang hintayin pang umapaw ang ilog bago lumikas. Kung malakas ang ulan at pinalilikas na, huwag nang magdalawang- isip pa. Mas mabuti na ang maging ligtas kesa magsisi sa bandang huli.

Sa panahon ng kalamidad, kailangang laging updated sa mga balita. Alamin ang mga kaganapan  sa telebisyon o radyo. Kung may twitter, ifollow ang account ng NDRRMC , PAGASA, Red Cross at mga News Channels(GMA, ABS-CBN)  para sa mga updates.  Alamin din ang kanilang  hotline numbers.

Mag-ingat din sa mga sakit na maaring idulot ng mga pagbaha tulad ng leptospirosis. Ito ay dulot  ng bacteria na nasa ihi o dumi ng daga na maaaring humalo sa tubig baha.  Kaya iwasan ang paglusong sa baha  kung maiiwasa, Huwag hayaan ang mga bata na maglunoy sa baha. Manatili na lang sa bahay kung kinakailangan. Ang pagkain ng mga pagkaing mayaman sa Vitamin C ay makakatulong sa pagpapalakas ng  ating resistensya at sa pag-iwas ng mga sakit tulad ng trangkaso o flu.

Ang basurang itinapon mo, babalik din sa ‘yo. Isang dahilan ng pagbaha ay ang pagbara ng mga kanal o water system dulot ng mga basura. Upang maiwasan ito, huwag magtapon ng basura kung saan-saan. Laging tandaan ang 3Rs. Reuse, reduce, recycle.  Ito ay makakatulong upang mabawasan ang ating mga basura.

Hindi man natin mapigilan ang mga pag-ulan, atin namang maiiwasan ang perhuwisyong maaaring idulot nito…

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